ENDOGENOUS PACEMAKERS ESSAY

At night, when there is no light, the SCN then sends a message to the pineal gland, causing it to increase the production of melatonin, which induces sleep by preventing the brains mechanism to promote wakefulness. Siffre cannot be generalised to the wider population. Discuss the Role of Endogenous Pacemakers. Literature Review Dissertation chapter: This study was supported by Aschoff and Wever who placed participants in an underground bunker without any external cues , and found that many participants displayed circadian rhythms of between 24 and 25 hours.

Literature Review Dissertation chapter: Want to get a price estimate for your Essay? However some of the circadian rhythms of those in the bunker were as long as 29 hours, showing that individual differences can effect the results meaning this study and the case study of Michael. Discuss the Role of Endogenous Pacemakers Discuss the role of endogenous pacemakers in the control of circadian rhythms [AO1 8 marks, AO2 16 marks] An endogenous pacemaker is an internal biological clock that controls the way in which many of our biological rhythms behave. Discuss the Disruption of Biological Rhythms. However this study can be criticized as it is only a case study of one man, meaning it lacks population validity and cannot be generalised to the wider population.

At night, when there is no light, the SCN then sends a message to the pineal gland, causing it to increase the production of melatonin, which induces sleep by preventing the brains mechanism to promote wakefulness. How to cite this page Choose cite format: However this research may raise some ethical issues as it can be seen to breach the terms of animal cruelty, as it may cause the hamsters to become psychologically unhealthy.

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Discuss the Role of Endogenous Pacemakers

Discuss the role of endogenous pacemakers in the control of circadian rhythms [AO1 8 marks, AO2 16 marks] An endogenous pacemaker is an internal biological clock that controls the way in which many of our biological rhythms behave.

Siffre cannot be generalised to the wider population.

endogenous pacemakers essay

Discuss the Disruption of Biological Rhythms. Also the research can be criticized as it only shows the effect of the SCN on hamsters endogenohs cycles and cannot be generalised to humans as hamsters have much smaller brains and are also nocturnal animals meaning that light does not effect their circadian rhythms, the same way it does ours.

This study was supported by Aschoff and Wever who placed participants in an underground bunker without any external cuesand found that many participants displayed circadian rhythms of between 24 and 25 hours. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible.

Endogenous Pacemakers and Exogenous Zeitgebers Essay Plan – Document in A Level and IB Psychology

A limited time offer! Discuss the Role endogeonus Endogenous Pacemakers. The blind man was exposed to different exogenous zeitgebers such as clocks and social cues, but they found that none of these factors reduced his biological clock to 24 hours, and he had to take stimulants in the morning and sedatives at certain times at night to reduce his biological rhythm pacemakres time with the rest of the world.

The main endogenous pacemaker in mammals is the suprachiasmatic nucleus SCNwhich is located in the hypothalamus. Discuss the Role of Endogenous Pacemakers Discuss the role of endogenous pacemakers in the control of circadian rhythms [AO1 8 marks, AO2 16 marks] An endogenous pacemaker is an internal biological clock that controls the way in which many of our biological rhythms behave.

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However this study can be criticized as it is only a case study of one man, meaning it lacks population validity and cannot be generalised to the wider population.

However some of the circadian rhythms of those in the bunker were as long as 29 hours, showing that individual differences can effect the results meaning this study and the case study of Michael. Retrieved May 22,from https: The normal hamsters the began to display the 20 hour circadian rhythm of the mutant hamster.

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Discuss the Role of Endogenous Pacemakers | Free Essays –

This proves endogenoux endogenous pacemakers play a large role in circadian rhythms, as it showed that the sleep cycle in the hamsters depended on endgenous factors from with in the brain. Literature Review Dissertation chapter: This happens even when our eyes are shut, endogenoue to them being so thin, meaning that if our endogenous clocks are slow e.

This study shows that the circadian rhythm persists without the cues of natural light, which demonstrates the existence of an endogenous clock. An example of the way endogenous pacemakers control our circadian rhythms is a case study on Michael Siffre. In conclusion, I think that endogenous pacemakers do play a very large role in helping to maintain our circadian rhythms, however this is also with the help of various exogenous zeitgebers which help keep the rhythms precise.

endogenous pacemakers essay

His findings showed that the free running cycle settled down to a regular rhythm which is little over 24 hours.